Early history of Andrew Hawk's sons in Georgia

It's my hope that by putting all my facts and speculation on display, that those with better information and ideas will come forward to clarify, extend, and improve on what I've written here. (2011 note: I wrote this mostly in 1999-2001, and some of it has become dated, particularly the first few paragraphs. But I think it remains a useful framework.)

Earliest records
Using census and marriage records I can prove my descendancy from both Thurmond and Hillsman Hawk. This is where the proof stops and the reasoning begins. Thurmond and Hillsman are believed to have been brothers, and to have been sons of William Hawk. The farm diary of Seaborn J. Hawk of Jasper County contains the remarkable page you see elsewhere in this site. This diary page contains the only known proof that William, Peter, Jacob, and Andrew Hawk (Seaborn's father) are brothers, and sons of Andrew Hawk the Elder. Seaborn notes that Andrew the Elder was in the first settling of Augusta, Georgia. The diary also says that Peggy Harris of Virginia is a sister to these brothers, and that Andrew the Elder's wife was from New Hampshire or Pennsylvania. Remember - his wife is from Pennsylvania or New Hampshire, his daughter lives in Virginia (1856) and he himself was among the first settlers of Augusta, Georgia. My first take on this is that it appears to establish a place of origin and a migration trail: started in Pennsylvania (or NH), migrated through Virginia, and on to Augusta, Ga. There is something in Seaborn's phrasing that makes me think Andrew the Elder remained in Augusta to his death (and quite possibly his wife Christena too), and it was his sons that continued on westward. From here on I'll abbreviate Andrew the Elder as Andrew1 and his son as Andrew2. I'll just use Andrew if it is unknown which one is being referenced in the records.

The above information was "Mother's statement just before she died in 1856", and probably recorded by Seaborn in 1859. Why he did this, and signed it, is anyone's guess. Perhaps it was some proof offered for inheritance purposes, or simply a record to pass down the family. I can't tell where the page originally appeared in the diary, or if it was a loose page added later, or if in fact it was in the diary at all. It may have been a separate document copied and kept in the same file as the diary. Various researchers have questioned the document, suggesting that Augusta was an erroneous reference to Augusta County, Virginia, and likewise New Hampshire to Hampshire County, Va. However, I have always been one to accept the simplest explanation until it is disproven by new information. And therefore I make the assumption for now that every item stated by Seaborn can be accepted as fact. I will hold off on more discourse about the diary until after I have laid out the few proofs I have on these matters.

Andrew the Elder
The earliest record I have found of any Hawk in Georgia, comes from a work done by Mary Bondurant Warren. In her recently compiled book Georgia Revolutionary Bounty Land Records, 1783-1785, the name ANDREW HAWK appears as having been issued warrant #514 in Washington County, May 17, 1784. (Thank you and bless you Mrs. Warren.) Despite the title of the book this is not proof that Andrew was a Revolutionary Soldier. And it also does not prove that Andrew received land, only that he was issued a warrant. Unfortunately the Washington Co. courthouse was burned twice in 1855 and 1864 and essentially only post-war documents survive. In studying a map of this original Washington County it includes a large part of present-day Greene County. Greene County will pop up again later. For now, the only proof provided by the bounty warrant is that Andrew was at least 21 years old, therefore born no later than May 1763. As will be demonstrated below Andrew must have been born ca. 1750 or before to account for known children.

Prehistory of the Hawk line prior to Andrew the Elder is entirely unknown. However, at this point I think it is insightful to provide an overview of earlier records I have found naming "Andrew Hawk" (or variants). These findings may prove useful in later research.

  1. On page 199 of "Pennsylvania German Pioneers" there appears an Andreas HOOK who came to Philadelphia on 5 Sept 1738 aboard the ship WINTER GALLEY captained by Edward Paynter from Rotterdam via Deal, England.
  2. The book "Persons Naturalized in the Province of Pennsylvania, 1740 - 1773", records of Philadelphia printed by Genealogical Publishing Company, 1967, 1991, gives a naturalization event on 11 Apr 1743 for Andrew Hawk in Philadelphia County.
  3. The book "Warrants and Surveys of the Province of Pennsylvania including the Three Lower Counties [Delaware], 1759", a 1975 reprint by The Bookmark, Knightstown, Indiana, from Dept. of Records, City of Philadelphia, compiled by Weinberg and Slattery, has two references to Andrew Hawk on page 71 for Philadelphia County: (1) 1734 vol 9 pg 92; (2) 1757 vol 8 pg 263. The volume and page numbers reflect the original records held by in Philadelphia. It is unknown if these records are available for research purposes. Obviously these dates imply individuals (or a single individual) of age and therefore capable of owning property at the time.
Note that items [A] and [B] above may refer to the same individual, a Palatine immigrant named Andreas Hook who came to America in 1738 and was naturalized five years later in 1743. But obviously the item [C] must be a different person. At this point I have no further mid-1700's records for any Andrew Hawk, but as I obtain more I will list them here.

After the Washington County bounty warrant, the next record I find of any Hawk in Georgia, is a lost-and-found ad placed in the Augusta Chronicle, for an ANDREW HAWKE who is farming "near Augusta". The date of this ad is 4 Nov 1789, and this gentleman had been living there since at least the Spring of that year. Augusta had long been an unofficial settlement, having originated as a trading post with the Creek Indians of the area, and became incorporated and recognized as a town in 1782 (if memory serves correctly; I need to check).

At this point I go for the simplest connection, and assume that Seaborn's grandfather Andrew1 is the same man who received a Washington County land warrant in 1784, and is the same man as the Augusta farmer of 1789. Since Andrew1 was part of the "first settling of Augusta" I am presuming that he was there before 1789, possibly a number of years earlier. More work needs to be done to see if any Andrew Hawk is listed in earlier Augusta records. The first newspaper for Augusta was established in 1785 but perhaps there are deed records or court records available prior to that. [Note, an area researcher has scoured the Richmond County courthouse records, but no trace of any Hawk was found there.]

Death and taxes
The next Hawk appearance is in 1791 Wilkes County, some ways to the northwest of Richmond County. Today there are several intervening counties between the two but in those days they adjoined. However, the site of Augusta is quite a ways removed from the old county boundaries, so it is almost certain that the family physically moved away from the Augusta area. In that year both an Andrew Hawk and a Peter Hawk appear on the tax rolls. Andrew owned 400 acres of second quality land and no slaves; Peter owned nothing. They lived in district MM which later became part of Taliaferro County. In October 1791 Peter is named in a court case for owing money to Jesse Heard on the sale of tobacco in Augusta. A man had to be an adult of the age of 21 to pay the poll tax or to be cited in a court of law, so here we have a limit on how recently Peter could have been born: 1770. Regardless of whether this Andrew is Andrew1 or Andrew2, if we believe that Peter is the son of Andrew1, then this also puts a limit on Andrew1's birthdate: 1750 at the latest. Note that this also puts Andrew1 into his mid-20's to early-30's during the Revolutionary War - an appropriate age for a soldier. Although I find it very likely that these two men are referred to in Seaborn's document, just which Andrew is listed in the tax roll is unclear. I'll have more on this later.

Andrew and Peter next appear on the 1792 Wilkes tax rolls, in the same district, with the same property. However, on the 1793 Wilkes roll, Andrew owns 200 acres in district GG (and no slaves), and Peter still is paying poll tax only (no land or slaves). From this I conclude that Andrew sold his 400 acre lot, and bought a 200 acre lot in another part of the county. Two important notes to make here. The standard land lot size was 202 1/2 acres, and the 400 acre tract may have been comprised of two original land lots, with one being sold off in 1792. The second note is that district GG would later become Greene County. Peter takes a stint in the Georgia Militia from Wilkes in 1793 - 1794. Peter has court case entries in Wilkes in 1796 - 1797 in the Jesse Heard case. Then, in 1798, both Andrew and Peter are in Oglethorpe County, which today is adjacent and to the west of Wilkes but was actually formed entirely from Wilkes. So it is possible they remained where they were and found themselves in the new Oglethorpe County.

The next record we find is 1801 Greene County, to the west of Oglethorpe. Again, I do not at this point know whether these gentlemen were rooted in place and were experiencing fluctuating county boundaries, or if they indeed were migrating west. If they owned land then a few land lot maps could resolve this question completely. Greene County is of great interest, because it is here that other Hawks come into the picture. In 1805 Andrew, Peter, William, Jacob, and Polly Hawk all appear, together on the same page in Owen district. Remember the above rule of thumb: you have to be 21 to be listed on the tax roll. This sets a minimum birthyear for both William and Jacob: 1784. And Polly Hawk is one of my mystery women. I would love to look closely at these tax records to see if they give any indication of wealth or property. A simple minded speculation might suggest that Polly is Christena, widow of Andrew1, and mother of the Andrew that is listed in 1805. Sheer speculation, however.

The 4 Hawk men are further proven to be in Greene County in 1805 by virtue of the Greene County lottery, in which all men drew blanks, Peter drawing twice (on account of his militia service?). Jacob appears on the 1809 roll; Peter on the 1807, 1809, 1810, and 1815 rolls; William on the 1808 and 1810 rolls with an 1809 appearance in Morgan; Andrew on the 1809, 1810, and 1815 rolls; and Polly no more.

William appears on the Morgan County (to the west of Greene) tax roll in 1809, 1812, and 1814. He is known to have died prior to June of 1814, as letters of administration were filed on his estate at that time. It was a substantial estate, worth several thousand dollars - but there was no land included, and most of the value was in a handful of slaves. William's 1809 Morgan listing shows that he owned land lot 277 which amounted to over 200 acres. However on the 1812 listing no land is included, only himself and 7 slaves. If William was born 1784 and died 1814, then he was a young man. The value of his estate would seem to belie this notion. On the other hand, if the Rebeckah Hawk who married Ganaway Malcom in 1814 was William's widow, the 1785 birthdate on her cemetery marker matches well with a 1784 birthyear for William. It is quite possible that William inherited his fortune or received it in dowry, or both.

The Jasper bunch
After William's death, the next records I have of the remaining 3 Hawks is the 1820 census for Jasper County, to the west of Morgan. There the three apparently remained with their families. Peter appears in the Jasper census and other records through 1830, Jacob through 1830, and Andrew2 through 1824, although Andrew2's wife Ursula (Watts) is present there through her death in 1856, my last record of her being the 1850 census.

However, several branches of Hawks endured in Jasper for a number of years thereafter. I am trying to map out these lines and the deeper I dig the bigger the mystery gets. From 1820 up through at least 1880 (I have not yet looked at the 1900 census) there are Hawk households in Shady Dale. By 1880 however, there are no more Hawk men listed in the county, and the Hawk women are Seaborn's widow Harriett and two women believed to be his spinster sisters, Sarah and Irena. In fact, going back through the census records, 1860 is the last year a male Hawk appears in Jasper County. Seaborn's journal covers the years from roughly 1856 to 1862 with sporadic entries to 1868. Seaborn died in 1869 so it may be that his health was failing, that he turned over his farm management to hired help, or that the hardships brought on by the war allowed for few luxuries such as candles, pens, or simply time for writing. [See below for how I have solved the riddle of the missing Hawk men in Jasper.]

County deed records show activity beginning in 1815 and continuing through 1908. There were 49 records in which a Hawk is shown as grantor or grantee, and 20 of these listed Seaborn in the years 1830 - 1869, and his widow Harriett 7 times from 1873 - 1887 (dec'd). Others conducting real estate business included Jacob in 1815 - 1839, "Peter Hawk and wife Mary Hawk" in 1820, Sallie (Sarah) H. 1869 - 1895, Henry from 1874 - 1908, and Nancy 1873 - 1879. A few others were referenced in the "land adjoining" fashion, notably Tilman D. Hawk and Thompson Hawk. There is an interesting transaction brought by a Mary F. Newton in which she successfully claims that Sarah Hawk "of Randolph County" sold her some property but the title transfer was never recorded. The land in question was bounded by Murder Creek and Big Branch. Murder Creek was refered to by Jacob Hawk in an 1839 deed using the words "... my Murder Creek plantation where I formerly resided..." Murder Creek bisects the county from northwest to southeast, flowing between Shady Dale and Monticello. After the sale of his Murder Creek plantation Jacob and wife Catherine are next found in Cuthbert, Randolph County, on the 1840 census. By 1850 they employed 31 slaves, and by 1860 their personal worth was almost on a par with that of Rich John Malcom of Walton County.

Another remarkable deed exchange (1889) involves the sale of some of the remaining Hawk property acquired by Seaborn. The grantors were Thos F. Hawk, Luginia B. Boon, Permelia Jones, and Seaborn Phillips of Randolph County, and Thomas (Tom) Hawk, Nannie LaPrade, H. J. (Joe) Hawk, Amanda Hawk, and M. J. (Jennie) Hawk of Spalding County, "the same being the lands deeded by Harriett Hawk and O. H. Newton to Nancy and Sally Hawk". My conclusion is that Sarah/Sally/Sallie moved to Randolph County in her old age, and willed her old Jasper County property to her nieces and nephews there, those being named above. See below for some followups on the Randolph and Spalding County Hawk branches.

Jasper County records some Hawk marriages in the 1830's - and only the 1830's. Evidently these are Seaborn's contemporaries and they all hit marrying age at about the same time. I assume they are all related and have most of them connected to Andrew2 Hawk in my database, as a placeholder so they don't get forgotten. (I do not at this time know for certain if Jacob or Peter had any descendants. I am not even entirely sure if Polly Roberts was indeed Peter's wife. Certainly Peter's wife was named Mary as of the 1820 deed transfer noted above.) Two of these marriages appear to be Hawk brothers James and Daniel (David?) who married Mary Tucker and Nancy Tucker. Nancy was the daughter of Jeremiah Tucker but Mary's parentage is uncertain. (Note, researchers interested in this Tucker line may contact Harry Nelms ). (I believe that Daniel and Nancy's son Jeremiah M. Hawk was named after Jeremiah Tucker.) These two couples moved to Heard County, Georgia. The Daniel line eventually moved to Newnan, Georgia (Coweta County). This is getting over towards Alabama and some of these descendants are found in that state today, and some remain in Coweta.

Coming from Jasper there is also a William H. Hawk and Martha Martin who may have first moved to Heard County, but are next found on the 1840 census in Troup County. This was not an easy find because William's name is indexed as "House". However when you look at the actual census it clearly reads "Howk". While in Troup they had 3 children, one of which was James Madison Hawk. William apparently died shortly after 1840 and Martha took the family into Alabama, where she eventually remarried a Samuel Nabors/Neighbors in 1845. "Marthy" died in 1848 shortly after her remarriage and James M. Hawk is listed in the Samuel Neighbors household Coosa County, Alabama, in 1850. James Madison Hawk's descendants populated several counties of eastern Alabama, and one of his descendants is an active Hawk researcher of this line, Julia Hawk Raines. Julia puts out an annual newsletter and we have learned a lot from each other. William and Martha's other children's descendancies, if any, are unknown.

Note, there are several other records of a William H. Hawk. There is a Stewart County marriage record; there is a civil war record; and in the Winter 2000 issue (volume 36 number 4) of the GGS Quarterly page 254, is a 16 Jun 1863 listing for a Wm. H. Hawk age 18 [therefore born about 1845] of Stewart County, this listing being as a patient of Dr. Charles H. Hall of Milledgeville, presumably a physical exam prior to enlistment. This William H. Hawk's parentage is completely unknown. (Later note: could this be William HAMPTON Hawk of Randolph County?)

There was a Mary Hawk and Stephen Gardner McCray from Jasper who moved after their 1830's marriage to Coweta County. And there was Emala Hawk and Joel C. Phillips who appeared in 1850 in Webster County, in the southwest of Georgia. And there are a few marriage records of Hawks in Stewart and Sumter counties, which flank Webster.

The series of books, Georgia Journal Abstracts, lists the presence of the Hawk name in Jasper or Morgan counties from 1814 to 1835. The Georgia Journal was a newspaper that served this area of north-central Georgia in the early 1800's. As noted below, I believe the 1829 records are the last for my line in this area.

All of this discourse on the Jasper County Hawks may be a little misleading if you are new to this research. I am working on this line to try and build a complete picture, and because I think it will tell us more about the earlier days. But when William Hawk died around 1814 he left something behind...

The Walton bunch
It appears that William Hawk had 3 children. If he was born in 1784, and Rebecca was his wife and she was born 1785, and if they married about the age of 20, i.e., 1804/1805, and he died in 1814 .... then they had 9 or 10 baby making years together. Three surviving children from these years would fit what we know about infant mortality and disease in this era. This is a thin-ice scenario but it is supported by the 1820 census listing for Ganaway Malcom. Ganaway had 2 surviving children by a previous wife who died young (probably in childbirth) at the time of his October 1814 marriage to Rebecca Hawk. Between 1815 and 1820 they had time for only a few children. However the 1820 census gives no less than 7 children in this household. It only makes sense if Rebecca brought about 3 children with her into the marriage. So until I can prove differently this is my working theory. For more on this refer to my Mysteries page, especially as regards the Mahala Hillsman theory. Ganaway and Rebecca went on to have many more children.

William's three children were Hillsman, Thurmond, and Nancy J(ane?). They were fortunate in that they all married into the family of Ganaway's brother "Rich John" Malcom. I don't know the motivation for this except the two families lived in the same area and surely saw a lot of each other. Hillsman and Thurmond married John's daughters Mahala and Mary. John's first wife died in childbirth and a few years later he remarried the young Nancy Hawk. (According to Patrick Malcolm's "Tombstones Sometimes Lie", Nancy's young age may have been a source of friction in the family as she was roughly contemporaneous with John's daughters and daughters-in-law.) This Malcom line is proven to have arrived in Georgia in 1789 from Virginia, the progenitor being James Malcom, a Revolutionary Soldier of the North Carolina Continental Line. James first lived in Wilkes County, Georgia, in 1789, and was a contemporary of our Andrew Hawk the Elder. Remember that Andrew is proven to be near Augusta (Richmond County) in 1789, but by 1791 he (or his son Andrew) and Peter Hawk are listed in the Wilkes tax rolls. So it is quite possible that the Hawk and Malcom lines first met up there. But that is not the family tradition.

Malcom family tradition holds that the Malcom line migrated from Virginia to Georgia along with the Peters, Hawk, and Adcock lines, maybe others. And further that these lines were well acquainted with one another before the migration. There is a body of evidence presented in Florence Knight Fruth's book "Richard Few of Chester County, Pa., and Allied Lines" that suggests the Hawk line arose in Pennsylvania. In following up on this I found a record in which an Andrew Hawk was naturalized in 1743 in Philadelphia, and a prior record from 1738 of an Andreas Haak arriving on a ship which carried Palatine immigrants. Certainly there are plenty of Hawk folk in Pa. at this time, as evidenced by ancestral files and IGI records on file at the LDS, and also by internet queries on boards such as Rootsweb and GenForum. There also appears to be a few Hawks in Virginia but I have not researched much on these people. Those of Pennsylvania seem to be well accounted for and resulted in the various Hawk lines of Ohio which seems to be the other primary locus for this surname.

All four of these families - Ganaway and Rebecca, John and Nancy, Hillsman and Mahala, Thurmond and Mary - had many children, and there are a great many Malcom and Hawk descendants today who still live in Walton and Morgan counties. My father, for example, was born in Good Hope, Walton County.

An interesting footnote, and possible informative, some of the Malcom line moved to Meriwether County where John Malcom had started a second plantation. It is not known whether any of the Hawk clan moved there, but Meriwether County is adjacent to Troup County, and with Heard and Coweta the 4 counties form a squarish area that runs up to the Alabama state line. So it strikes me that there were two migrations of Hawk westward out of Jasper, one destination being the Heard-Troup-Coweta-Meriwether area, and the other being the Webster-Sumter-Stewart area. These branches of the line call for more scrutiny. Deed extracts from just before 1900 in Jasper County show that there were Hawks, probably descendants, in Randolph County (adjacent to Stewart) and Spalding County. I have begun work to follow up on these branches...

Randolph County
Recent sessions with the census microfilm at the Oklahoma Historical Society's genealogy room has revealed some surprises! My thoughts and notes are far from complete but for what it's worth:

Jacob Hawk referred to 'my Murder Creek plantation where I formerly resided' in an 1839 Jasper County deed. I find him on the 1840 census for Randolph County, town of Cuthbert, age 50-60, living alone with his wife also age 50-60, and owning 23 slaves, 13 of which are farming. Nearby lives John Hanks which I believe is John Hawk. (The Randolph records repeatedly record HANK or HANKS instead of HAWK. It is of course possible that HANK(S) is correct but given the evidence I think not.) John may be Jacob's son. He is listed as 30-40, wife the same, 2 boys under 10 and 2 girls under 10. John is not adjacent to Jacob but is listed on the same census page.

In 1850 Jacob and Catharine "Hanks" are listed in household 19, 5th district, Jacob 60 born Mariland and Catharine 54 born Va. Jacob is a farmer with real estate valued at $3600, and 31 slaves ages 1 to 67. Nearby is Thomas and Catherin Hawk, ages 25 and 23 respectively, both born GA. Thomas is an overseer and they have 3 young children, Hampton, David, and William. Thomas could again easily be Jacob's son but I have no proof of that. The name Hampton is interesting, in that one of my "unconnecteds" is a Hampton Hawk of Jasper County.

The 1860 census shows Catharine Hawk living alone, age 72, born Virginia, occupation Farming, with real estate of $5500 and personal estate of $32000 (which is greater than the 29000 listed by John Malcom the same year). Also in Cuthbert are Thomas and Catharine Hawk with children William H., Thomas F., Clark A., Jacob, William A., John E., Abraham L., and M. A. M.

By 1870 Catharine was apparently dead [see update below] and the only Hawk household is Thomas and Jane Hawk, ages 22 and 20. Thomas' age would correspond with the Thomas F. Hawk listed above in Thomas and Catharine's 1860 household. The younger Thomas and Jane have one child, Susan W., age 1. Notably, the 1870 census carries no less than 14 black households of the Hawk name in Randolph County - further proof that Jacob had a large farming operation.

In 1880 the Thomas and Jane Hawk household is still there, and Thomas is still farming. His name is shown as "Franklin Hawk" which gives us his complete name, Thomas Franklin Hawk. Thomas is shown as 33 and Jane 28, children [Susan] Willie 11, Thomas 6, and daughter Josie C. 1.

While searching the 1880 soundex I also found 3 Hawk households in Calhoun County which adjoins Randolph to the south. Comparing names and ages these are the other 3 sons of Thomas Hawk (son of Jacob Hawk). Jacob S. Hawk 29 and wife Allara and children Aca W. and Cola B., Mark A. Hawk 30, and William Hawk 37 and wife Alice and children Nannie E. and Aaron. Family historian Bert Hawk believes there are Hawk(e) folk in Calhoun County to this day.

While at Salt Lake City in 2003 (see below), I found a few more Randolph Records.

Also at Salt Lake, I found a book Randolph Co. Ga. Marriage Records, Tatum, 1997. Many of the names - many - are not names I can match to known Hawk/e folks. I suspect some of these records are descendants of slaves but were not marked as such.

A quick summation on the Randolph bunch. Jacob and his wife Catharine moved from Jasper County to Randolph County in their 50's or perhaps late 40's. It is possible some of their grown children traveled with them as John and Thomas Hawk are found nearby on various censuses. They farmed a very sizable plantation, perhaps at one time on a par with John Malcom's Walton County plantation. Catharine is consistently shown as born in VIRGINIA, and Jacob is once shown as born in MARYLAND. Since I have estimated his birth date at 1784, and his presumed father received a Washington County bounty warrant that year, Maryland does not fit easily into my picture. It does however support a migration of this Hawk line from the northern atlantic states, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia. Note that near Thomas Franklin Hawk on the 1880 census is a black Hawk household, that of "Calton" (Carlton?) Hawk age 55. This is noteworthy because Calton's father is given as born in Maryland, just as Jacob was on the 1850 census. Since Calton was born about 1825, his father would have been born about 1785 - 1805. Jacob is believed to have been born about 1784. This provides a slight bit of further evidence that the elder Andrew Hawk household may have originated in Maryland or passed through it. Combining this with the earlier work that leads back to Pennsylvania and Virginia, there may be a clue here. I don't want to read too much into it, but there was a time when you could stand in Pennyslvania and just about throw a rock through Maryland into Virginia. This would be where the Maryland panhandle is thinnest near present day Hancock. If our Hawk line originated somewhere in this area, it would be pretty easy to take a short wagon ride and be in either of the three states. As always, more research will help to fill out the story here.

November '00 update. Recently I was contacted by a fine gentleman from Alabama, Lindy Hard . He is currently abstracting death references from newspapers of Clay, Calhoun, and Randolph counties, and found the following in his database:

This helps narrow the date range on Catherine's death to 1860 - 1867. I would like to find an obituary for its value in determining any extra bit of her history, birthplace, and children.

Spalding County
The first census record I have found for Hawk in Spalding County is in 1870. In the town of Griffin is 1 Hawk household and 2 households with Hawk apparently as boarders. Thomas D. and Mary Hawk, age 59 and 56, farming, are in household 1304, and also in the house are the following "old" children: Thomas H., 30, barkeeper, Seaborn A., 28, harness maker, Martha J., 26, seamstress (same with the rest of the girls), Are?, 24, Nannie, 20, and Amanda 18. Complete mystery to me why all 6 of these grown children remain in their parents' household. In the household of Mary Tolas(?) there is a Jacob Hawk age 63, without occupation. Could he be a sibling to Thomas D.?

Eureka! In staring at the Spalding County h/h of Thomas D. Hawk, it is a perfect match for the 1860 Jasper County census records of TILLMAN D. Hawk!! Great scott! The "what happened to the Jasper County Hawk men" mystery is solved. Now I can match up the Spalding County Hawks listed on the 1889 Jasper County deed to Tillman's children.

In 1880 this family still resides in Griffin, but Tillman/Thomas has apparently died, and his son Thomas is now the head of household: Thomas Hawk 42 Bar Tender, mother Mary 65 widowed/divorced, sister Martha J. 32, sister Hanah(?) J. 30, sister Amanda R. 26, Nephew Richard C. 10. (Is the nephew Richard C. Hawk the son of Seaborn A. Hawk? I know of only one other son of Tillman, and that is James A. whom I last find on the 1860 Jasper census age 13. James A. is not on the 1870 Spalding census with this family.)

In February 2003 I took a day of rest from snowboarding at Brighton, Utah, to go to the LDS genealogy library. There I found some Spalding County publications that listed the following family members.

Final thoughts
Going back to Seaborn Hawk of Jasper County. I don't know precisely where Seaborn's farm was located but it was evidently near Shady Dale, in the northeast corner of Jasper very near present-day Morgan and Putnam counties. The deed records that list the original land lot numbers help to pin down his farm's location to just southeast of present-day Shady Dale, however he did own land farther south and west along Murder Creek, and also north of Monticello. Although Seaborn does not mention Shady Dale specifically in his diary there were some Hawks buried at Providence Church, and other researchers have found church records with some of these Hawks listed. In Jewell Moats Lancaster's book she cites "an old Hawk diary in German" with the births of some Hawks around the turn of the 19th century (1800). So a German/Palatine connection is a possibility here.

Future research
There are several lines of research I would like to undertake. (Anyone who may be interested in this work, please take note. Living in Oklahoma is most enjoyable and rewarding but it does make it difficult to get to, say, Greensboro, Georgia.)

DNA Genealogy